vietnam war casualties 1968

The NVA’s main command post was located in Laos, at Sar Lit. ... 1968 02 11 Y PINSONNAULT RICHARD NORMA: NAVY: PO3: … There was disease and rioting. Ten American soldiers were killed; the rest managed to escape down Route 9 to Khe Sanh. Army deaths at FOB-3, however, were not included in the official statistics either. The tower at Khe Sanh instructed the pilot to take evasive action and go around for another approach. On July 11, the Marines finally left Khe Sanh. Operation Pegasus, begun the day after Scotland ended, lasted until April 15. Time magazine, in an April 12, 1968, article titled “Victory at Khe Sanh,” reported General William Westmoreland, commander of U.S. forces in Vietnam, after flying into Khe Sanh by helicopter, declaring: “We took 220 killed at Khe Sanh and about 800 wounded and evacuated. The 1968 Battle of Khe Sanh was the longest, deadliest and most controversial of the Vietnam War, pitting the U.S. Marines and their allies against the North Vietnamese Army.Both sides have published official histories of the battle, and while these histories agree the fighting took place at Khe Sanh, they disagree on virtually every other aspect of it. During the darkness of January 20-21, the NVA launched a series of coordinated attacks against American positions. When an enemy rocket-propelled grenade killed 2nd Lt. Randall Yeary and Corporal Richard John, although these Marines died before the beginning of the siege, their deaths were included in the official statistics. 1,200 civilians were killed by South Korean forces in Tay Vinh massacre between February 12 – March 17, 1966. Here are some of the most powerful pictures taken by Larry Burrows during his coverage of the Vietnam War. Setting out from Ca Lu, 10 miles east of Khe Sanh, Pegasus opened the highway, linked up with the Marines at Khe Sanh, and engaged NVA in the surrounding area. The Marines, fearing an ambush, did not attempt a relief, and after heavy fighting the camp was overrun. North Vietnamese troops launched the Tet Offensive in January 1968, which was successful against South Vietnam and the U.S. Those 10 deaths were also left out of the official statistics. According to this history, originally classified as secret, the battle deaths for all major NVA units participating in the entire Highway 9–. The Marine Corps casualty reporting system was based on named operations and not geographic location. By early 1967, the Marine position was reinforced to regimental strength. The Vietnam War was a long, deadly struggle that took place from 1954 to 1975 between North Vietnam and South Vietnam The U.S. National Archives shows that 58,220 U.S. soldiers perished. The Marines knew that their withdrawal from Khe Sanh would present a propaganda victory for Hanoi. ... How Do I; Search. Scotland was a 26th Marine Regiment operation, so only the deaths of Marines assigned to the regiment, and attached supporting units, were counted. The Vietnam-Era Military Personnel Records is a huge archive that holds as many as 4,638,952 records in its massive collection. Stubbe examined the command chronologies of the 1st and 2nd battalions, 26th Marines, plus the after-action reports of the 3rd Battalion, 26th Marines; 1st Battalion, 9th Marines; 1st Battalion, 13th Marines; and more than one dozen other units, all present at Khe Sanh under 26th Marine operational control. These alphabetical indexes are for your convenience but do not represent the order of names on the Wall. The NVA used Hill 881 North to launch 122mm rockets at the Marines during the siege. Shortly after midnight on February 7, a large NVA force, reinforced with tanks, attacked the camp. The fighting was heavy. Operation Pegasus forces, however, were highly mobile and did not attack en masse down Route 9 far enough west of Khe Sanh for the NVA, by then dispersed, to implement their plan. Biography of United States Marine Corps Group Burial: Vietnam War Casualties Of 6 June 1968. Consequently, and unknown at the time, Operation Scotland became the starting point of the Battle of Khe Sanh in terms of Marine casualty reporting. Tap this upper portion to remove the keypad. The monumental Battle of Khe Sanh had begun, but the January 21 starting date is essentially arbitrary in terms of casualty reporting. From Terry Fincher, one of the greatest photographers of the 20th century. Marine Khe Sanh veteran Peter Brush is Vietnam Magazine’s book review editor. The Marine defense of Khe Sanh, Operation Scotland, officially ended on March 31. As journalist Robert Pisor pointed out in his 1982 book, The End of the Line: The Siege of Khe Sanh, no other battle of the entire war produced a better body count or kill ratio than that claimed by the Americans at Khe Sanh. Among the dead Marines was 18-year-old Pfc Curtis Bugger. Mar 29, 2018 ... Vietnam, February 1968. The Operation Scotland tactical area of responsibility (TAOR) was limited to the area around Khe Sanh along Route 9 in western Quang Tri province. By the middle of January 1968, some 6,000 Marines and Army troops occupied the Khe Sanh Combat Base and its surrounding positions. On April 5, 1968, MACV prepared an “Analysis of the Khe Sanh Battle” for General Westmoreland. U.S., Veterans' Gravesites, ca.1775-2019 U.S. reconnaissance forces continued to monitor the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Operation Scotland II continued until the end of the year, resulting in the deaths of 72 more Marines. Westmoreland echoed this judgment in his memoirs, and, using exactly the same figures, concluded that the North Vietnamese had suffered a most damaging and one-sided defeat. Five Marines were killed on January 19 and 20, while on reconnaissance patrols. A U.S. Marine watches over bodies awaiting transport near Khe Sanh. The Americans wanted a military presence there to block the infiltration of enemy forces from Laos, to provide a base for launching patrols into Laos to monitor the Ho Chi Minh Trail, and to serve as a western anchor for defense along the DMZ. The deadliest week of the Vietnam War for the USA was during the Tet Offensive specifically February 11–17, 1968, during which period 543 Americans were killed in action, and 2547 were wounded. This is the number of Days of clean healthy, American Veterans Center 75th D-Day Congressional Reception. The enemy by my count suffered at least 15,000 dead in the area.”. Beginning in October 1967, the Communists greatly increased their forces in the Khe Sanh area to total two infantry divisions, two artillery regiments and an armored regiment. In many respects, 1968 was very similar to 2020. On February 23 the U.S. These records were transferred into the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration in 2008. MACV therefore initiated an operation to open Route 9 to vehicle traffic. Memorial pages honoring Vietnam War casualties, listed by their last names. By comparison, according to another Army general, a 10:1 ratio was considered average and 25:1 was considered very good. Maurice White, singer, songwriter, musician, producer; founder of the band Earth, Wind & Fire; member of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Songwriters Hall of Fame and Vocal Group Hall of Fame. An additional 413 Marines were killed during Scotland II as of the end of June 1968. 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