choctawhatchee beach mouse

The diet of the Choctawhatchee beach mouse primarily consists of seeds and fruit of dune plants, and insects. See Thomasomys for the South American genus also known as "Oldfield mice". Pregnant females may exceed 20 g. The pale coloration of beach mice is believed to be an adaptation to the white sands of their coastal habitat. There are eight subspecies of beach mice, five of which live along the Gulf Coast including the Alabama beach mouse (P. p. ammobates), Perdido Key beach mouse (P. p. tryssyllepsis) Santa Rosa beach mouse (P. p. leucocephalus), Choctawhatchee beach mouse (P. p. allophrys) and the St. Andrew beach mouse (P. p. peninsularis). The beach mouse is listed as "least concern." The Choctawhatchee beach mouse is a small old-field mouse that can reach a length of up to 5.5 inches (14 centimeters). Beach Mice. The Florida Panhandle has four beach mouse subspecies: (in order from East to West) St. Andrew beach mouse, Choctawhatchee beach mouse, Santa Rosa beach mouse, and the Perdido Key beach mouse. The Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse (CBM) is a federally endangered species endemic to Walton County that is protected by the Federal Endangered Species Act. The Choctawhatchee beach mouse is a small old-field mouse that can reach a length of up to 5.5 inches (14 centimeters). The fourth, the Santa Rosa beach mouse, is not listed. Animal Diversity WebFlorida Natural Areas InventoryNatureServe ExplorerUniversity of FloridaU.S. Beach mice are monogamous and will mate with only one partner at a time. The Choctawhatchee beach mouse is a small old-field mouse that can reach a length of up to 5.5 inches (14 centimeters). With so few Choctawhatchee beach mice remaining and with such small home areas, we need to ensure that the remaining populations are with us for long time to come. Populations on conservation lands are found in the sand dunes on Shell Island, Grayton Beach, and Topsail Hill (Florida Natural Areas Inventory 2001). Fish & Wildlife ServicePrintable version of this page, Bird, B. L., Branch, L. C., & Hostetler, M. E. (n.d.). Its upper parts are colored orange-brown to yellow-brown, the underparts are white, and the tail brownish with a variable dorsal stripe. Mother mouse raises the two to seven babies born per litter. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) regarding the permitting process in what has been identified as suitable habitat for the Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse. "The beach mouse is endangered because of a lack of habitat," Roberts explained. There are four beach mice in the Florida Panhandle. "Peromyscus polionotus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Its dorsal (back) side is a light brown color which extends to around the nostrils, while the belly is white. With bulgy eyes, a hairy tail and large ears, this rodent is brown with a white belly. Its dorsal (back) side is a light brown color which extends to around the nostrils, while the belly is white. Females are also capable of breeding 24-hours after giving birth (Bird et al. The Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse is one of four Florida Panhandle subspecies classified as endangered or threatened. Pups are weaned 18 days after being born (NatureServe 2011). Pursuant to section 120.74, Florida Statutes, the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission has published its 2019 Agency Regulatory Plan. Report fish kills, wildlife emergencies, sightings, etc. Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse (Peromyscus polionotus allophrys) Found in South Walton and Bay Counties Due to the influx in requests for individual lot reviews, the US Fish and Wildlife Service will only review parcels currently seeking building permits from Walton County until streamlining efforts are … Sleeping during the day and feeding at night, the mouse eats seeds and insects and gives birth to several litters each year. https://www.fnai.org/FieldGuide/pdf/Peromyscus_polionotus_allophrys.pdf. Beach mice are small, pale mice with large ears and dark eyes (Figure 1 and Figure 5). 620 S. Meridian St. • Tallahassee, FL • (850) 488-4676 With the Choctawhatchee beach mouse, Yanchis said, protecting critical habitat, areas that the tiny, nocturnal rodents are known to populate, is … The tail is usually all white and can reach a length of two inches (5.1 centimeters) (Florida Natural Areas Inventory 2001). Increased human traffic on sand dunes is also a threat for the beach mouse, as the increased traffic damages vegetation on dunes that the beach mice depend on for food and shelter. Very little information is available about the life history of the Choctawhatchee beach mouse, so information about the old-field mouse species (Peromyscus polionotus) is generally accepted as the same. Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse (Peromyscus polionotus allophrys) Endangered- This is one of several Florida subspecies of oldfield mouse restricted to coastal sand dune ecosystems. A small endangered mouse that makes its home among the sand dunes, the Choctawhatchee beach mouse is about five inches long from head to tail. Its dorsal (back) side is a light brown color which extends to around the nostrils, while the belly is white. Version 7.1. Florida’s Endangered and Threatened Species Rule. Sea turtles come ashore late spring and summer to nest. Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse Peromyscus polionotus allophrys Habitat: Sandy dunes above the high-tide line Location: Florida Threats: Construction of homes and other buildings on beaches; cats Status: Listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act in 1985 Number: Up to 1,000 As you might have guessed, most of these mice are … The U.S. FWS's Threatened & Endangered Species System track information about listed species in the United States Males and non-reproductive females average 12.5 g in weight. The Choctawhatchee beach mouse is protected as an Endangered species by the Federal Endangered Species Act and as a Federally-designated Endangered species by Florida’s Endangered and Threatened Species Rule. The Choctawhatchee beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus allophrys) is a sub-species of the oldfield mouse (Peromyscus polionotus), and is endemic to the Walton area of the Florida Panhandle (Okaloosa County west to Bay County). Choctawhatchee Beach mouse hike at Topsail Hill Preserve State Park Sept. 22. Beach mice are nocturnal and Beach mice are nocturnal and disperse out of their burrows at night to forage. We, the Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce a 12-month finding on a petition to revise critical habitat for the Alabama beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus ammobates), Perdido Key beach mouse (P. p. trissyllepsis), and Choctawhatchee beach mouse (P. p. allophrys), pursuant to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). © 2020 Florida Wildlife Federation. Walton County has been working with the U.S. Learn more about how you can live with and conserve beach mice. If you’re quiet (as a mouse), and a little lucky, you might even spot one of these little white mice from your boardwalk perch. This little native is threatened by development, hurricanes and non-native species such as the house mouse, which originated in Central Asia and is now widespread. Hurricanes also pose a risk to the beach mouse as they can cause damage and destruction to their sand dune habitat with the accompanying intense winds and storm surge. Development along beaches can cause destruction or degradation to sand dunes limiting areas of habitat for the beach mouse, and increasing fragmentation, leading to isolation of populations. Females are able to give birth after six weeks and this mouse lives approximately 180 days. A small endangered mouse that makes its home among the sand dunes, the Choctawhatchee beach mouse is about five inches long from head to tail. The total gestation period for a beach mouse is 23 days, with the female giving birth to four pups per litter. Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse A small endangered mouse that makes its home among the sand dunes, the Choctawhatchee beach mouse is about five inches long from head to tail. Habitat Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse Food source Sand dunes on coast Burrows in dunes, the vegetation makes the dunes a stable, safe habitat The diet of the Choctawhatchee beach mouse primarily consists of seeds and fruit of dune plants, and insects. Florida Youth Conservation Centers Network. Retrieved June 2, 2011, from IFAS Extension: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/uw173, Florida Natural Areas Inventory. 2011. 2009). The Choctawhatchee beach mouse is a small old-field mouse that can reach a length of up to 5.5 inches (14 centimeters). NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Deer Lake State Park is the relocation site for the endangered Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse, which lives within the expansive dune system. Foust, D. 2002. There are eight subspecies of beach mice, but the discussion was more focused on the Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse, which is the type that lives at Topsail. Topsail is also home to 14 natural wild plant communities. (Accessed: August 10, 2011). Copyright 1999 - 2020 State of Florida. Breeding peaks during the winter months, but can occur year around if there is adequate food available. Beach mice utilize the primary and secondary dunes for food, water, cover, and raising young. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Other species of concern or federally protected species include: Loggerhead and leatherback sea turtle (bay area only), eastern indigo snake, Indiana and gray bat (status unknown) the Choctawhatchee beach mouse and Florida manatee (bay area only), the peregrine falcon and piping plover (migratory habitat), and the red-cockaded woodpecker. Photo provided by Jeff Talbert Sea Turtles are one of the largest and most beloved animals associated with Florida coastal habitats. With bulgy eyes, a hairy tail and large ears, this rodent is brown with a white belly. The Choctawhatchee beach mouse has a small body, haired tail, relatively large ears, and protuberant eyes. Geographic Information System (GIS) File for the Designation of Critical Habitat for the Choctawhatchee beach mouse: The GIS files and their associated coordinates are not the definitive source for determining the critical habitat boundaries for the Choctawhatchee beach mouse. With bulgy eyes, a hairy tail and large ears, this rodent is brown with a white belly. The Choctawhatchee beach mouse range is limited to Florida from Choctawhatchee Bay in Okaloosa County to St. Andrew Bay in Bay County. Available  http://www.natureserve.org/. With bulgy eyes, a hairy tail and large ears, this rodent is brown with a white belly. Of the eight species, five inhabit the Gulf Coast and one, the Pallid Beach Mouse, is already extinct. This is justified by its widespread distribution and having no major threats. These small, light-colored mice burrow and excavate nests within dune sand among sea … Its dorsal (back) side is a light brown … Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission • Farris Bryant Building Along the Gulf Coast, you can find the Alabama beach mouse, the Perdido Key beach mouse, the Santa Rosa beach mouse, the Choctawhatchee beach mouse and the St. Andrew beach mouse. However, beach mice are normally much whiter than other mice. 2001. This article is about the North American species Peromyscus polionotus, known as the "oldfield mouse". Beach mice provide important ecological roles promoting the health of our coastal dunes and beaches. Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse Apr 19, 2016 Walton County’s critical beach mouse habitat consists of all land located south of Scenic Gulf Drive extending eastward from the Okaloosa County line to the intersection with U.S. Highway 98 - Interactive Map Developed by Regular Animal. Field guide to the rare animals of Florida. Among the dunes and foliage of the beach is where the federally endangered Anastasia Island beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus phasma) calls home. NatureServe. See a full list of our Social Media accounts. Creature Feature: Choctawhatchee beach mouse A small endangered mouse that makes its home among the sand dunes, the Choctawhatchee beach mouse is about five inches long from head to tail. The main threat facing the Choctawhatchee beach mouse is the continued development along beaches. OUR DATA: We use the most recent data from these primary sources: AnAge, UMICH, Max Planck, PanTHERIA, Arkive, UKC, AKC. Florida Wildlife Federation affiliate of the National Wildlife Federation, is a private, statewide, non-profit citizens’ conservation education organization composed of thousands of Floridians and non-Floridians with a common interest in preserving, managing, and improving Florida’s wildlife. Its head and body length is 2.7-3.5 in (6.8-8.9 cm), plus a tail of 1.7-2.5 in (4.3-6.4 cm). Although pale, beach mice exhibit a hint of brownish or grayish coloration across their backs. It uses crab burrows to escape predators, such as roaming domesticated and feral cats. Three are endangered; the Perdido Key beach mouse (PKBM), the Choctawhatchee beach mouse (CBM) and the St. Andrew beach mouse. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Peromyscus_polionotus.html. Accessed August 10, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Peromyscus_polionotus.html. Other threats include increased predation from feral and free-ranging cats, foxes, raccoons, and coyotes. Traveling west along Scenic 30-A and just off US 98, you’ll come to Topsail, home to the endangered Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse, herons, egrets, white-tailed deer, fox, coyote, raccoon and gopher tortoises. https://www.fnai.org/FieldGuide/pdf/Peromyscus_polionotus_allophrys.pdf. The mice inhabit our beach dunes, feed on seed, and burrow in protected vegetation such as scrub and sea oats. September 11, 2016. Beach mice reach sexual maturity at around 30 days of age (Foust 2002). Marked with a light buff-colored back, pure white underside, and indistinct white markings on their face, this adorable creature has become this park’s unofficial mascot. While its historical habitats likely encompassed a wide stretch of the Gulf Coast of the Panhandle, its range is now very limited: Grayton Beach in Santa Rosa County, Topsail Hill in Walton County, and Shell Island in Bay County. Discover How Long Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse Lives. The tail is usually all white and can reach a length of two inches Date/Time: Thurs., Sept. 22 – 9 – 10 a.m. Topsail Hill Preserve State Park invites you to enjoy an informational program about one of the imperiled species we share the park with. 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