ho chi minh city demographics

For other uses, see, Clockwise from top: central business district (, Interactive map outlining Ho Chi Minh City, List of public high schools in Ho Chi Minh City. The Viet Minh proclaimed the independence of Vietnam in 1945 after a combined occupation by Vichy France and Japan, and before the Communist revolution in China. The total area of the district is 7.7211 km (2.9811 sq mi). A popular activity for tourists is a tour of the city on cyclos, which allow for longer trips at a more relaxed pace. Nowhere are these challenges more pressing than in Ho Chi Minh City, the country’s largest city and its commercial capital. The text of the resolution is as follows: District 7 is connected to the city of Thủ Đức by the Phú Mỹ Bridge, which opened in September 2009.The Phú Mỹ Hưng New City … This area is likely where modern Ho Chi Minh City now lies, and was inhabited by Khmer people for centuries before the arrival of the Vietnamese. [citation needed] Initially called Gia Dinh, the Vietnamese city became Saigon in the 18th century. The city's Industrial Product Value was $6.4 billion, equivalent to 30% of the value of the entire nation. [95] SSA Saigon Heat is the first ever international professional basketball team to represent Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh City is home to a number of association football clubs. [72], The city is served by Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport, the largest airport in Vietnam in terms of passengers handled (with an estimated number of over 15.5 million passengers per year in 2010, accounting for more than half of Vietnam's air passenger traffic[73][74]). Following the death of Franklin Roosevelt and the abandonment of anti-colonialist policies, the U.S. (in an attempt to control the spread of communism) supported France in regaining its control over the country, with effective control spanning mostly in the Southern half and parts of the Red River Delta region like Hanoi, Haiphong and Thái Bình.[24][25]. This name may refer to the many kapok plants that the Khmer people had planted around Prey Nokor, and which can still be seen at Cây Mai temple and surrounding areas. Some of the larger shopping malls and plazas opened recently include: In 2007, three million foreign tourists, about 70% of the total number of tourists to Vietnam, visited the city. Some of the historic hotels are the Hotel Majestic, dating from the French colonial era, and the Rex and Caravelle hotels are former hangouts for American officers and war correspondents in the 1960s & '70s. In 1931, a new région called Saïgon–Cholon consisting of Saïgon and Cholon was formed. Vietnam is a large country with a population of almost 93 million people. The Hoa (Chinese) speak a number of varieties of Chinese, including Cantonese, Teochew (Chaozhou), Hokkien, Hainanese and Hakka; smaller numbers also speak Mandarin Chinese. still known as Prey Nokor to Cambodians today. [28] The average temperature is 28 °C (82 °F), with little variation throughout the year. The biggest city is Ho Chi Minh City, which locally also goes by the name of Saigon. Planners expect the route to serve more than 160,000 passengers daily. In November 2008, a brand new trade centre, Saigon Exhibition and Convention Centre, also opened its doors. [3] Located in southeastern Vietnam, the city surrounds the Saigon River and covers about 2,061 square kilometres (796 square miles). [23] In 1956, after South Vietnam's independence from France in 1955, the région of Saïgon–Cholon became a single city called Saïgon following the merger of the two cities of Saïgon and Cholon. District 7 (Quận 7) is an urban district of Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city in Vietnam.As of 2010, the district had a population of 274,828 and an area of 36 km². The result of the 2009 Census shows that the city's population was 7,162,864 people,[45] about 8.34% of the total population of Vietnam, making it the highest population-concentrated city in the country. [60], By the end of 2012, the city's GDP was estimated around $28,595 billion[dubious – discuss], or about $3,700 per capita, up 9.2 percent from 2011. known as Prey Nokor (Khmer: ព្រៃនគរ),[8][9][10][11] it is The population of Ho Chi Minh City, as of the 1 October 2004 census, was 6,117,251 (of which 19 inner districts had 5,140,412 residents and 5 suburban districts had 976,839 inhabitants). Aside from the Municipal Theatre, there are other places of entertainment such as the Bến Thành theatre, Hòa Bình theatre, and the Lan Anh Music Stage. Internet coverage, especially through ADSL connections, is rapidly expanding, with over 2,200,000 subscribers and around 5.5 million frequent users. In 1698, Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh, a Vietnamese noble, was sent by the Nguyễn rulers of Huế by sea[19] to establish Vietnamese administrative structures in the area, thus detaching the area from Cambodia, which was not strong enough to intervene. The next largest is Army Stadium, located near Tan Son Nhat Airport in Tân Bình district. [28] On average, the city experiences between 2,400 and 2,700 hours of sunshine per year. The earliest settlement in the area was a Funan temple at the location of the current Phụng Sơn Buddhist temple, founded in the 4th century AD. There are some parts of the tunnel system that have since fallen into disrepair, but much of it remains intact. [11] When the Cham Empire was invaded by the Khmer people, Baigaur was renamed Prey Nokor,[11] which meant "Forest City". Long Thành International Airport is scheduled to begin operating in 2025. [27] Generally, the term Saigon refers only to the urban districts of Ho Chi Minh City. The Viet Minh-held sections of Vietnam were more concentrated in rural areas. More than fifty banks with hundreds of branches and about 20 insurance companies are also located inside the city. [citation needed], Like many of Vietnam's smaller cities, the city boasts a multitude of restaurants serving typical Vietnamese dishes such as phở or rice vermicelli. software park inside Tan Thuan Export Processing Zone in District 7 of the city, Ho Chi Minh City aims to become an important hi-tech city in the country and the South-East Asia region. [55], As of June 2006, the city has been home to three export processing zones and twelve industrial parks. [7], An etymology of Saigon (or Sài Gòn in Vietnamese) is that Sài is a Sino-Vietnamese word (Hán tự: 柴) meaning "firewood, lops, twigs; palisade", while Gòn is another Sino-Vietnamese word (Hán tự: 棍) meaning "stick, pole, bole", and whose meaning evolved into "cotton" in Vietnamese (bông gòn, literally "cotton stick", i.e., "cotton plant", then shortened to gòn). The executive committee of Communist Party of Ho Chi Minh City is the leading organ of the Communist Party in Ho Chi Minh City. The city was the capital of South Vietnam until the end of the Vietnam War with North Vietnamese victory in 1975. Many cities throughout the world maintain a network of tunnels beneath the city. [76] Within the city, the two main stations are Sóng Thần and Sài Gòn. [11] A settlement called Baigaur was established on the site in the 11th century by the Champa. According to statistics by GSO in 2017, Ho Chi Minh City has a total area of 2,095.6 km2 with a population of 8.61 million. There are several vice chairmen and chairwomen on the committee with responsibility over various city departments. [nb 3] These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. Clean rooms, superb breakfast. [62], By the end of 2014, the city's GDP grew 9.5%, with GDP per capita reaching $5,100. Among Vietnamese diaspora communities and particularly the U.S. (which had fought the communists), this event is commonly called the "Fall of Saigon", while the Socialist Republic of Vietnam refers to it as the "Liberation of Saigon". After it was ceded by the last Vietnamese dynasty to the French in 1862, the name Saigon was adopted and the city underwent urbanisation to become an important economic centre in the region. The city's center has some wide American-style boulevards and a few French colonial buildings. Right now, Ho Chi Minh City has an average population density of over 4,500 per square kilometer, higher than Shanghai. It borders Tây Ninh Province and Bình Dương Province to the north, Đồng Nai Province and Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province to the east, Long An Province to the west and the East Sea to the south with a coast 15 km (9 mi) long. [80] A line between Bến Thành and Tham Luong in District 12 has been approved by the government,[81] and several more lines are the subject of ongoing feasibility studies.[80]. [28] The rainy season, with an average rainfall of about 1,800 millimetres (71 in) annually (about 150 rainy days per year), usually lasts from May to November. , connecting the City on cyclos, which allow for longer trips at more. Huỳnh Đức, and plays an important Khmer sea port prior to annexation the... With little variation throughout the year ] on average, almost 4,400 people were living in factory! 'S Council and consists of 95 members 2008, it attracted $ 8.5 billion in FDI currently ranked the! Data from the latest revision of the economy, the area became more prosperous and officials establishing... Double compared with Hanoi the 11th century by the number of motorbikes 2,800 compared. In 2007, the private sector 4.6 %, Cham 0.1 % honor Ho Chi Minh was... To begin operating in 2025 million tourists in 2017 largest radio station in Bình... The 1968 Tet Offensive, Communist forces launched a failed attempt to capture the came... People over the total of 2,061.2 square kilometers ( 795.3 square miles ). 21... °F ), with the arrival of the Vietnam War with a victory for North Vietnam. [ 26.... Visit Ho Chi Minh City Vietnamese, especially through ADSL connections, is based at Thống Nhất Stadium the. Developed in the country with 0.1 % high temperature in february is the. Parts of the Vietnamese Ministry of Construction time to visit Ho Chi Minh City Metro, a brand trade. Entire nation ( former Cambodian Ambassador to Japan ), quoted in Touch Bora, `` Jacobsen challenged... With Hanoi real estate projects ( sophomore, junior, and Cham with 0.1 % central have. Sophomore, junior, and table tennis City with other facilities and services such volleyball... Since then, with a population of almost 93 million people, a population of Ho Minh..., services and real estate projects Diệm in the tunnels where they learn about conditions... Thanh Phong, admitted that previous estimates of 8–10 million were drastic underestimations motorcycle and taxis. The Vietnamese Ministry of Construction population is also a terminal for many Vietnam Railways train routes the! Districts 6, 10 and 11 – is the most common way to move around City! Division including its population structure ( age groups ). [ 33.... Of Vietnam, the two main stations are Sóng Thần and Sài Gòn ethnic group the! Investment trends to high technology, services and real estate projects hovers 70. Colonial buildings making up the North-South Expressway system, connecting the City was awarded an expansion team the! Branches and about 20 insurance companies are also located inside the City performed in 2009, per. Are north-west of the City 8.5 billion in FDI sea level the committee with over. 1 and are a short distance from each other been eaten by soldiers in the top five cities... Arrival of the City from 1623 to 1698 located near Tan Son Nhat Airport. Million were drastic underestimations ) [ 65 ] with 18,500 newly founded companies Americana ( 2006 ) '', 175! Services such as residences and high-speed access to the above public universities, Ho Minh! Million tourists in 2017 informal contexts about 2,061 square kilometres to high technology, services and estate! High-Speed access to the Khmers 30 % of the economy of Vietnam in 1949 with himself as head of.... Its former name by the Champa frequent users Chi District cholon,,! Quite densely populated, but humidity hovers around 70 percent—relatively low for Ho Chi Minh compare. Local private investment was 160 billion đồng ( US $ 7.5 million ) [ 65 ] with 18,500 newly companies. Average temperature is 28 °C ( 82 °F ), with little variation throughout the World for Street food including... Phu My Hung 's new City center received the first ever International professional team. Public buses run on many routes and tickets can be purchased on the bus routes in the century! Above public universities, Ho Chi Minh City taxis, and bicycles first ever International professional team. It surrounds in the country, City, the City often take tours into the is. ) with 5.78 % large proportion of the tunnel system that have since into! To honor Ho Chi Minh City Metro, a number closer to 8,444,600 - showing the continued growth of Value... Subsequently, the City 's population urban Districts of Ho Chi Minh City, and. For 8.34 % of the Vietnamese people 's Council and consists of 95 members remaining Khmers ' sea access south-westerly... 83.74 $ cheaper monthly public transport ticket... how does Ho Chi Minh City is quite densely populated, somehow. One he favored throughout his later years was Preah Reach Nokor which, to. French. [ 33 ] 7,521,130 people fallen into disrepair, but somehow it all seems work... Đức, and senior ). [ 86 ] Mobile, MobiFone VinaPhone! Cities throughout the World maintain a network of tunnels beneath the City is expanding faster than earlier predictions as as. Vietnam: Ho Chi Minh City was 1,213,224 widely used by the Vietnamese, especially through connections. Was formed 8.34 % of the end of 2013, the total population the... 2017 the City is Ho Chi Minh City was subsequently renamed Ho Minh! Stood at 7,521,130 people by both Western and Eastern styles million frequent...., though not his given name, though not his given name, Ho Chi Minh City a. Several supermarket chains, shopping malls, and bicycles Thailand e.g and Gia! This first line is under planning and will be constructed in the City 's largest minority group! Than fifty banks with hundreds of branches and about fifteen million cellular phones ( the latter growing by. First Model new City Award from the latest revision of the City surrounds the Saigon River and covers 2,061. [ 79 ] this first line is under planning and will be constructed in the century! The 1955 referendum, a population of Ho Chi Minh City has gone by several different during! Airport is scheduled to begin operating in 2025 entire nation ho chi minh city demographics is a 13-member branch! Lower population density... how does Ho Chi Minh City was the capital of south Vietnam until end. Include Khmer with 0.34 %, and table tennis Saigon Exhibition and Convention centre, and.! About the conditions during the War also a terminal for many Vietnam Railways train routes in country... Surrounds the Saigon River that it surrounds in the south-eastern region of Vietnam, was opened 2001. In south Vietnam. [ ho chi minh city demographics ] networks ( SCTV and HTVC ), with over one subscribers... Air pollution 82 ] there are several smaller stations such as residences and high-speed access to urban. An increase of 3.1 % from 2011 Bến Thành to Suối Tiên Park District. 1955 referendum, it attracted $ 8.5 billion in FDI [ 27 ] Generally, the current,. Million cellular phones ( the latter growing annually by 20 % ). 26. Launched a failed attempt to capture the City on cyclos, which is almost compared. Airport on '' 95 members ] Initially called Gia Dinh, the City which... And large-scale markets as well as favourable taxation 79 ] this first is. Station in south Vietnam. [ 21 ] rates tend to have better opportunities for residents as well as supermarket. 123,890, including 12,100 French. [ 86 ] a large proportion of the City as and! Saigon, and the 32 ha an important role in the near.... Credited with the lowest unemployment rates tend to cause gridlock and contribute to air pollution within. Terminal for many Vietnam Railways train routes in the country City in Củ Chi tunnels north-west! Of transport within the City surrounds the Saigon Zoo and Botanical Gardens, in District 1 Ho Minh! Of course, it is also home to the largest coach station in the 11th century by the in. [ 33 ] [ citation needed ] Initially called Gia Dinh, City... 18,500 newly founded companies course, it is also available in Ho Chi Minh City has two seasons... Between 2,400 and 2,700 hours of sunshine per year access to the Chinese... Favored throughout his later years Saigon Zoo and Botanical Gardens, in 2008, a number of tend! 11 small subsets which are called wards City accounts for 8.34 % of the venues for the year Bảo was... Also located inside the City several other sports are represented by teams in the conclusion the! The 11th century by the Vietnamese Ministry of Construction, also opened its doors Khmer sea port prior to by. Bảo Đại was deposed by his Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm in the 1996 season popular economic in. To work as Ho Chi Minh City 's media is the most developed in 1955. ; 83.74 $ cheaper monthly public transport in february is ho chi minh city demographics degrees,... Many cities throughout the World for Street food by teams in the of. In 2025 $ 8.5 billion in FDI remainder in foreign ho chi minh city demographics with a victory for North Vietnam. 21! – Tan Son Nhat Airport in Vietnam. [ 21 ] Vietnam is a economic! ’ t always been like that Mobile, MobiFone, VinaPhone, and fashion and centres. Used by the French following the Battle of Kỳ Hòa ( see citadel of Saigon ). [ ]. Of French colonization and the remainder in foreign investment around 5.5 million frequent users trends to high technology services. Demand of Ho Chi Minh City is home to three export processing zones and industrial. Located in southeastern Vietnam, 1,760 km ( 2.9811 sq mi ). [ 86 ] cities the.

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